Tuesday, 27 March 2012

Syllabus LEVEL II ( Year 4 to Year 6 )

Syllabus for Level II       (Year 4 to Year 6)

The Level II curriculum contents are organised around five themes as  follows:
A. Investigating Living Things
B. Investigating Force and Energy
C. Investigating Materials
D. Investigating the Earth and the Universe
E. Investigating Technology

The following are the contents of each theme:

A. Investigating Living Things
The theme introduces pupils to the basic understanding about the
basic needs of living things, life processes, interactions among living
things and how living things survive and create a balance in nature.
This theme also focuses on life processes in man for pupils to
understand themselves. It also explains why man is special compared
to other living things.

The contents of this theme is as follows:

1. Living things have basic needs.

     a) Basic needs for humans.
     b) Basic needs for animals.
     c) Basic needs for plants.

2. Living Things undergo Life Processe.

    a) Life processes that humans undergo.
    b) Behaviour that can disturb life processes.
    c) Life processes that animals undergo.
    d) Life processes that plants undergo.

3. Microorganism

    a) Microorganism undergo life processes.
    b) Microorganism is a living thing
    c) Microorganism are harmful but some are useful.

4. Survival of The Species

     a) Animals have specific ways to ensure the survival of their species.
     b) Plants have specific ways to ensure the survival of their species.

5. Interactions Among Living Things

     a) Food chain and food web.
     b) Competition as an interaction among living things.
     c) Some animals live in groups and others live in solitary.
     d) Responsibility of human beings to protect endangered species.

B Investigating Energy and Force
The theme introduces the basic physical quantities through which pupils are
exposed to the principles of measurement, the use of standard units and the
importance of using standard units. The theme also includes light, heat,
sound, energy, movement and electricity. Pupils are introduced to force and
speed too at this level.

The contents of this theme are as follows:

1. Measurement.

a) Length.           b) Area.             c) Volume.        d) Time.       e) Mass      f) Temperature.

2.  Energy.
 a) Sources of energy.          b) Types of energy.           c) Transformation of energy.
 d) Renewable energy.         e)  Energy efficiency.       

3. Electricity.

a) Series and parellel circuits.             b)  Conductor and insulator.
c) Electrical devices that can transform electrical energy into otherforms of energy.    
d) Safety precautions when using electricity.

4. Light.
a) Light travels in straight line.          b) Light can be reflected.

5. Heat.

a) Heat and temperature.       b) Effect of heat on matter

6. Force and movement.

 a) The effect of force.        b) Frictional force.         c) Speed.

C Investigating Materials

This theme aims to provide pupils the opportunities to investigate
natural materials and man-made materials. Pupils use their knowledge
about physical properties of materials and relate them to their use. The
theme also includes the study of the formation of clouds and rains.
Acid, alkali and neutral substances are also introduced. It also enable
pupils to understand how things around them rust and how food are
preserved. Finally an exposure to issues on waste disposal will create
an awareness that man needs to play a responsible role in an effort to
manage nature wisely.

The contents of the theme are as follows:

1. Properties of materials.

    a) Properties of materials.               b) The use of materials based on their properties.
    c) Certain materials can rust.          d) Prevention of rusting.

2. Acid and Alkali.

    a) Properties of acidi and alkali .     
    b) The effects of acidic, alkaline and neutral solutions on litmus paper.

3. Solid, Liquid and Gas.

    a) The three states of matter.           b) Changes in state of matter.
    c) Water recycle.                               d) Cleanliness of water resources.

4. Food Preservation.

   a) Fungi and bacteria actions on food.        b) Ways to preserve food.

5. Waste Management

a) Effects of unorganised waste disposal.
b) The needs to reduce, reuse and recycle.

D Investigating The Earth and The Universe

The theme aims to provide the understanding of the Earth, Moon, Sun
and Solar System as a whole. The theme also provides understanding
of the effects of the earth, moon and sun movements and how these
movements can be beneficial to mankind.
The contents of the theme are as follows:

1. The Solar System.

     a) The constituents of the Solar System.
     b) The planets move around the Sun in the Solar System.
     c) The relative size and distance of the Earth, Moon and Sun.
     d) The placement of the Earth in the Solar System.

2. Constellations

     a) The examples of constellations.
     b) The importance of constellations.

3. The Movement of the Earth, the Moon and the Sun.

     a) The occurance of day and night.
     b) The phases of the moon.

4. The Eclipse

     a) Eclipse of the moon          b) Eclipse of the sun

E. Investigating Technology

The theme aims to provide an introduction to the study of the
development of technology and the current technologies in agriculture,
communication, transportation and construction. Pupils are given the
chance to design their own working models based on the science
concepts they have learnt.
The contents of the theme are as follows:

1. Technology

       a) The importance of the technology in everyday life.
       b) Development of technology in various fields.
       c) How technology can be used to solve problems.
       d) Using technology wisely to benefit mankind.

2. Strength and Stability.

      a) Shapes of objects.               b) Strength and stability of a structure.

3. Machines.

     a) Simple machine.               b) Complex machines.
     c) Invention of machine to make life easier.

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